Wednesday, September 18, 2019

ORA-01186 ORA-01157 ORA-01111 ORA-01110

Managed Standby Recovery starting Real Time Apply
Thu Sep 19 04:05:35 2019
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/mydb/mydb/trace/rgb1p117_dbw0_10657.trc:
ORA-01186: file 166 failed verification tests
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 166 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01111: name for data file 166 is unknown - rename to correct file
ORA-01110: data file 166: '/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/dbs/UNNAMED00166'
Thu Sep 19 04:05:35 2019
File 166 not verified due to error ORA-01157
Thu Sep 19 04:05:35 2019

Thursday, September 12, 2019

ORA-01438: value larger than specified precision allowed for this column


You may also want to see this article about the ORA-12899 which is returned if a value larger than column’s width is inserted in the column. Similarly, ORA-01438 is returned if value being inserted is larger than what is defined for the NUMBER datatype column. Number datatype columns are defined in precision and scale (NUMBER(p,s)). If you define a number column as “NUMBER(5,2)”, it would mean that maximum width of the data could be 5 digits, out of which 2 will be decimal part (for example 123.45). Following are some examples that explain this concept further.

Tuesday, September 3, 2019

ORA-12899: value too large for column...

You may want to learn about a similar error message ORA-01438 caused by larger values being inserted in NUMBER columns. 
Message displayed with error ORA-12899 is self-explained. This error would come if you are trying to insert into a table’s column which is not big enough to hold the data being inserted. Suppose you define a column with a width of 10 characters (VARCHAR2(10)), and later if you try to insert a value longer than 10 characters, ORA-12899 would be returned. To solve this problem you can either reduce the data width being inserted, or alternatively increase the column width. If you have a multi-byte database characterset,  a VARCHAR2 column with a width of 10 may not store exactly 10 characters. Following is one example to produce ORA-12899.

Tuesday, August 27, 2019

DBUA Does not Find parameter file to Start Database for Upgrade


While upgrading my database form using database upgrade assistant (DBUA), it showed me error that said following

The Upgrade Assistant failed in bringing up the database <db_name>. Oracle Home <ORACLE_HOME> obtained from file /etc/oratab was used to connect to the database. Either database is not running from Oracle Home <ORACLE_HOME> or correct initialization Parameter file (pfile) was not found.
To start the database, Oracle needs the pfile. Provide the full path name of the init file for the database <db_name>
Screenshot of DBUA can be seen bellow

Thursday, August 15, 2019

PING[ARC1]: Heartbeat failed to connect to standby 'my_standby'. Error is 12154


If your primary database is not able to ship archived logs to the standby database with error ORA-12154, there is something wrong with the TNS entry you are using in LOG_ARCHIVE_DEST_n parameter that points to your standby database. If you check the alert log file of the primary database you will see error messages similar to the following.

Tuesday, July 30, 2019

kkjcre1p: unable to spawn jobq slave process, slot 2, error 1089


If you have initiated SHUTDOWN command to stop the database, new sessions cannot connect with the database. This means that even oracle scheduled jobs also cannot be initiated internally. After initiation of SHUTDOWN, if any scheduled jobs get initiated (because scheduled time of any job has reached), job would not be started and an error message will be logged in the alert log file. Following is how alert log would look like after that. Since this is just an information message, therefore  no action is needed.

Friday, July 19, 2019

ORA-39700: database must be opened with UPGRADE option


This message would appear if you have opened a database from a newer version ORACLE_HOME instead of the current version of the database. Alert logs shows messages similar to the following when you open your database with “startup open” command. Instance would immediately crash after logging these messages in the alert log file.

Friday, June 28, 2019

Poor Database Performance After Setting Huge Pages


I recently faced a problem whereby full memory of system got occupied after the database startup and eventually system was hung and reboot was inevitable. The recent change was to setting huge pages on the host. Eventually we found the reason that “soft memlock” was not set (oracle software owner name was wrongly spelled when specifying memlock in /etc/security/limits.conf file). Bu default “soft memlock” was set to a default value 64KB and none of huge pages was in use by the Oracle (SGA). As a result, SGA was allocated from the remaining memory (Huge pages would remain unused, yet allocated) and huge pages were merely consuming memory without any use. Following message in alert log let us understand the problem

Saturday, June 22, 2019

Setting Huge Pages in Linux


If your Linux based database server has huge amount of physical memory, it will be a good idea to enable huge pages so that memory could be used efficiently by Oracle instance. Setting huge pages means that you have bigger sized (2 MB) memory blocks in memory to allocate to Oracle SGA. Bigger memory block size would mean fewer number of total memory blocks, and this is where managing memory becomes efficient by the OS. I would recommend to use/enable huge pages if host’s physical memory size goes beyond 128G. But you can also set huge pages even for a small amount of memory.

Monday, June 10, 2019

Migrating from Filesystem to ASM

While migrating from file system to ASM, we create ASM instance on the current host before we could stamp the disks and create asm diskgroups to migrate existing datafiles from the file system to the ASM. Before we create/start ASM instance, we need to start “Oracle Cluster Synchronization Service” (CSS). So, we initiate “dbca” to create/start ASM instance as a first step. If you are using Windows, invoke dbca application using right click and “Run as Administrator”.

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